Palvancha city (or Palwancha or Paloncha) is a Municipality(http://palvancha.in/) Government Body in Bhadradri Kothagudem district in the Indian state of Telangana,290 km east of Hyderabad, the nearest railway station is at Kothagudem which is about 12 km away. It was originally named “Bhadrachalam Road”, being the closest railway station from Palvancha,It is principally an important industrial center and is nicknamed the Power City.
Palvancha is a Mandal headquarters, and a principle Revenue and Forest Divisional headquarters. Kothagudem Thermal Power station (KTPS), Nava Bharat Ventures Limited (NBV) (Formerly known as Nava Bharat Ferro Alloys (NBFA)), Sponge Iron India Limited (SIIL) & National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC) are the industries here. There is also a heavy water plant located nearby. The multipurpose Kinnerasani Dam is also very near to here (12 km), Kinnersani is also famous for its wild life, it is a notified Sanctuary. The Palwancha city is divided into 39 wards for which elections are held every 5 years.
The Palwancha Municipality has population of 80,199 of which 39,923 are males while 40,276 are females as per report released by Census India 2011. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 8207 which is 10.23 % of total population of Palwancha (M). In Palwancha Municipality, Female Sex Ratio is of 1009 against state average of 993. Child Sex Ratio in Palwancha is around 970 compared to Andhra Pradesh state average of 939. Literacy rate of Palwancha city is 77.70 % higher than state average of 67.02 %. In Palwancha, Male literacy is around 84.41 % while female literacy rate is 71.09 %. Palwancha Municipality has total administration over 20,782 houses to which it supplies basic amenities like water and sewerage. It is also authorize to build roads within Municipality limits and impose taxes on properties coming under its jurisdiction.
History:- Ramadasu was the prominent person from Palvancha Tani Shah (last ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty, who ruled the kingdom of Golconda) hired him as “Tehsildar” (head of the revenue department) of Palvancha taluk.Palvancha is considered as the oldest taluk in khammam district which existed much earlier than its sister town Kothagudem which was started only after singareni had started . State Highway No.12 passes via Paloncha. It is a well planned and maintained Municipality.